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Pelvic pain can be defined as pain in the abdomen area right below the naval button. Pelvic pain often accompanies different health conditions. While it can be harmless symptom of infertility, it can also be a sign of a lethal condition.
Here are 7 common reasons for pelvic pain.
Appendicitis – This is caused due to the inflammation of the appendix. Apart from sharp pain in right lower abdomen, other symptoms may include fever, vomiting etc. if you are showing these signs; you must visit a doctor immediately. Remember, if infected appendix is not removed on time, it can burst spending infection throughout the abdomen and result in life threatening conditions.
Irritable bowel syndrome – This is a chronic digestive syndrome that results in frequent abdominal pain, bloating, cramps, diarrhea and constipation. Although there is no specific reason for this disorder, yet it can be controlled with symptomatic treatment. The treatment may include stress management, PMIR, diet modification and medications.
Premenstrual syndrome – This is also known as PMS; a huge percentage of menstruating women population suffers from this. PMS accompanies food craving, mood swing, low back pain, abdominal pain, headache, tender breasts, dandruff and acne. Hormonal imbalance is mainly responsible for PMS. Lack of physical activities, stress and vitamin deficiencies can worsen the condition. If you are a victim of PMS, consult your doctor for proper treatment.
Menstrual cramp – Uterus builds up tissue lining namely endometrium for the embryo to be implanted and grown. However, if you are not conceived, then it breaks down and leaves your body through the process of menstruation. When uterus contracts to pushing out the menstrual blood, menstrual cramps occur. It is felt usually in the back and lower abdomen area. It lasts for 1 to 3 days. A hot application or a generic pain killer may provide relief.
Urinary tract infections – Urinary tract infection or UTI often causes abdominal pain. The infection begins as the germ gets into the urinary tract. UTI may create problems in bladder, urethra and even ureters throughout its way to kidneys. The symptoms may include painful urination, frequent urination, pressure in lower pelvis etc. If the infection can be treated promptly, then you can avoid spreading of it to kidneys and thus serious complications. If it reaches kidney, then you would experience symptoms like nausea, fever, vomiting, pain in either side of lower back and food aversion.
Kidney stones – This is another possible reason for abdominal pain. Kidney stones are basically blobs of minerals and salt which get deposited in the urine. They can be of any shape and size – as small as sand grains or as big as golf ball. As the stones move to the bladder, they trigger sudden and sharp pain in the pelvic zone. Your urine color may be changed – it can be pink or red due to the presence of blood. Immediately contact your doctor, if you are a victim of these symptoms. Usually these stones get out of your body automatically, but sometimes they need to be treated with medication and even a surgery.
Be it a light or unbearable – if your pelvic pain sustains for more than 2 days, you must not delay and contact your physician or a local hospital.
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