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There are many reasons to build a warehouse at home from personal hobby storage to distribution for a small business. Building a warehouse at home is not as simple as installing shelves in a garage. Some care and planning must be taken to ensure it is a safe, functional and efficient environment. Homeowners who are building a warehouse at home will want to keep several important points in mind.
The first step is to select the type of racking for the warehouse. Racks are what will hold the items and pallets. Smaller spaces like a garage will likely be limited to selective pallet racking. This is simply a rack that holds one pallet on each level in each row. Larger spaces will benefit from pushback or drive-in pallet racking. These allow multiple pallets of the same type to be stored in each row so that a larger inventory is available. Anyone who is dedicating an entire building in the yard to a warehouse might want to consider gravity-fed racking. This allows pallets to slide forward and restock the location as one is removed. These racks require loading from the back.
Aisles and Walkways
A some warehouse is likely to be more cramped than an industrial facility. It is important to design a layout that leaves enough space for aisles and walkways. These open spaces need to be wide enough for restocking, picking and other functions. They must also be wide enough to accommodate a forklift or other vehicle when dealing with full pallets. A home warehouse without clear aisles and walkways could create a dangerous situation when moving between pallet racking and lifting items.
Material handing has to be a consideration in any home warehouse. Material handling means the procedures and equipment used to shuttle items to different locations in the warehouse. The most common material handling solution is a gravity-fed conveyor. This is a long platform with a surface made from rollers or skate wheels. This allows items to be taken from a pallet in an aisle and then rolled towards an assembly or shipping table. Another option is to use powered or handheld carts to move items.
It is important to consider how the climate in the home warehouse will be controlled. Enclosed spaces like a steel building on the property or a garage will fluctuate in temperature and humidity without a climate control system. High levels of humidity can damage items in storage. Excessively hot and cold temperatures can do the same. The warehouse should at least have fans to moderate temperatures and a heating unit if it becomes too cold in the winter. A very large home warehouse might benefit from a separate heating and cooling system mounted outside much like what is seen at an industrial facility.
This post comes from Elbow Room, the pallet racking pros in Brisbane. If you’re putting together a warehouse, or other storage facility, givre them a call.
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